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The fight on climate  change should intensify

The fight on climate change should intensify

THE impacts of climate change are predicted to compromise social-economic developments in developing countries. Adaptation is the only option to reduce the impacts. However, before starting determining adaptation strategies, it is important to conduct scientific research to understand possible pathways of future climate change under different emission scenarios.

This is essential for having scientific facts that would guide the formulation of effective adaptation strategies. Climate change is a threat to the survival of the human being as it has significant impacts on the environment, crop production, water resources, and livestock production.

For instance, projected increase in temperature is expected to influence wilting and drying of plants, multiplication of pest, weeds, and diseases that would result in increased costs of crop production and failures in crop yields.

Tanzania is one of the countries that are continuing to suffer from the impacts of climate change and related hazards such as floods and droughts, which have substantially affected economic performance and undermined poverty reduction.

The adverse impacts of Climate Change are already having their toll in the livelihoods of people and in the sectors of the economy in the country. Frequent and severe droughts in many parts of the country are being felt with their associated consequences on food production and water scarcity among others.

Agriculture has always been deeply dependent on the weather, with farmers needing a steady mixture of sun, warmth, and rains in order to reliably produce the food that all of humanity depends on for survival.

Now, these once predictable growing cycles are at risk from climate change, and smallholders are on the front lines.

About 80 percent of the world’s food is produced by family farms, according to the United Nations, so climate change’s effect on agriculture could have repercussions that reach far beyond individual farmers and their families.

Unless humans take significant steps to reverse course and cut greenhouse gas emissions, the situation may continue to intensify. No one knows for sure what impact this will have on future food supplies, but models by the International Food Policy Research Institute estimate that global maize production could shrink 24 percent by 2050. While the future may look uncertain, it’s not too late to reverse course.

Governments, institutions, and private sector groups need to include support for smallholders in their wider efforts to combat climate change. Enabling farmers to access the financing, tools, and training they need will help ensure that millions of rural families can sustainably harvest crops through the years to come.

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Author: EDITOR

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