THE 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) has revised the party’s constitution to include “Xi Jinping thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era” and Belt and Road Initiative.
The CPC agreed to include into the party’s constitution following the principles of achieving and sharing growth through discussion and collaboration and pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative.
This is because Belt and Road Initiative, proposed by Xi Jinping in 2013, aims at building a trade and infrastructure network that connects Asia with Europe and Africa as well as beyond the ancient Silk Road trade routes.
It comprises the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. The resolution stresses that Xi’s thought must be upheld on a long-term basis and constantly developed.
Under the guidance of Xi’s thought, “the CPC has led the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in a concerted effort to carry out a great struggle, develop a great project, advance a great cause, and realize a great dream, as well as ushering in a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics,” it says.
A wide range of new ideas, thinking, and strategies put forward by the CPC Central Committee with Xi at the core have been added to the constitution, including giving play to the decisive role of market forces in resource allocation, advancing supply-side structural reform and enhancing the country’s cultural soft power.
Congress delegates also agreed to write the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics into the Party constitution, along with its path, theory, and system. Xi’s thought makes eight fundamental issues clear, including the overarching objectives for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, as well as the direction, model, and driving force of development, and the strategic steps, external conditions, and political guarantees.
Clarifying the two centenary goals, Xi’s thought rolls out a two-step approach to making China into “a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.”
It also underpins 14 fundamental principles, ranging from ensuring Party leadership overall work to building a community with a shared future for mankind.
The amendment, approved at the 19th CPC National Congress, juxtaposes Xi’s thought with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development.
The CPC also revised constitution for the party to “make comprehensive efforts” to ensure that “the fight against corruption keeps going”,